Cheapest high equity RA in South Africa

Virus

Let’s be honest, if I did not make this look like a post about the lockdown no-one would read it. With COVID-19 spreading, we are all losing money somehow. So I decided to focus on the costs that we can control: fees in our Retirement Annuity (RA). So, today I want to help you pick the cheapest RA in South Africa.

The fee structures of the different offerings mean that the simple answer to this question is, it depends on the amount you invest. We also have a new player in the retirement space. It will be interesting to see how the Outvest offering stacks up to the established RAs. Before we start, we need to address Regulation 28. This will give us some insight into why the retirement annuities are investing in certain products.

Regulation 28 specifies that you cannot invest more than 75% in equities. This is to limit the volatility of the RA. There is also a further limitation stating that you cannot invest more than 25% in foreign equity excluding Africa. So if you maxed out your equity it will typically have 25% in foreign equity, 5% in Africa and 45% in South Africa (adding to a total of 75%). Lastly, there is also a cap on the total investment in property of 25%.

Sygnia

Underlying assets

The cheapest RA option from Sygnia is the Skeleton Balanced 70 Fund. According to Sygnia, the fund is “a medium- to high-risk multi-asset-class global balanced portfolio managed on a passive basis.” It is the fact that it is investing in passive products that significantly reduces the costs.

As expected, the fund predominantly invests in the local market. The total Equity in the fund is 74.2%, close to the 75% maximum. It also has 27.1% invested in foreign equity, which means that a portion of the funds is invested in the rest of Africa. The fund also invests 25% of the capital in bonds and cash, which will limit the volatility. Lastly, the amount invested in property is extremely low at 0.7%.

Fee structure

The Skeleton Balanced 70 Fund has a flat fee of 0.54% making it an extremely attractive offer.

Easy Equities

Underlying assets

The cheapest RA offered on the Easy Equities platform is the Emperor Balanced RA. Most of the Emperor RAs offered on the platform has similar pricing, but I’m focussing on the funds with higher equity exposure for long-term growth. The asset allocation of this fund can be seen below.

The total exposure to equities in this fund is 65%, which is well below the maximum exposure. The fact that foreign exposure is more than 25% also means that the fund has at least 4.64% invested in Africa. The fund has decent exposure to local properties and significant exposure to local bonds. Bonds are returning less than cash investments at this stage but at a lower risk. You can read more about this in my article risk identification in your portfolio.

Fee structure

On the Easy Equities platform, you can invest in any of their managed funds. These have varying fees between 0.6% and about 1.5%. On top of this, you pay a platform fee to Easy Equities of 0.3%. If you choose the Emperor Balanced RA with a fee of 0.6% and add to that the platform fee, your total cost is 0.9%.

10X

Underlying assets

10X has a High-, Medium- and Low Equity Fund. You can choose any one of these or opt to automatically switch to lower equity funds as you approach retirement. The best breakdown that I could find of their high-equity fund can be seen below.

They maximise your exposure to equities and I assume the maximum foreign allocation will also be used. The fund has a big exposure to cash and bonds and smaller exposure to property. 10X tries to simplify investing but this also comes at the cost of analysing exactly where your money will be invested.

Fee structure

10X charges different fees depending on how much you have invested. On the first million, they charge 1.04%, on the next R4 million, they charge 0.81%, 0.58% up to R10 million and a flat fee of 0.4% on anything more than R10 million.

Nedgroup

Underlying assets

The high equity fund from Nedgroup is called the Core Accelerated Fund. It focusses on investing in equities and property, with almost 90% of the investment in these two asset classes. Most of the equity investment is in local assets.

Fee structure

The Nedgroup Core Accelerated fund has a flat fee of 0.82%.

Outvest

Underlying assets

The Outvest fund with the highest equity exposure that is still regulation 28 compliant is the Coreshares Outmoderate Index fund. It invests 67.4% of the fund in equities, with only 13.7% in global equities. It is heavily invested in property and bonds, with local products being favoured. Only 2.1% of the fund is invested in local cash products which is lower than most other RAs.

Fee structure

Outvest has a fee structure that they call ONEfee. The fee for anything below R300 000 is 1.5%. When your investment reaches R300 000, the fee is locked at R4 500 until your investment reaches R2.25 million. For anything above this amount, you pay a fee of 0.2%.

Comparison

If I had to pick one of these RAs simply based on asset allocation I would have to go with the Sygnia Skeleton Balanced 70 Fund. I like that they are maximising their equity allocation and that the maximum investment into foreign equity is utilised. Fortunately, as you can see in the chart below, it is also the cheapest fund if you are investing small amounts.

As your capital grows, the offering by Outvest becomes much cheaper than the other options. The breakeven point between the RAs from Sygnia and Outvest is at R900 000. So if your goal was simply to invest in the cheapest RA you can start with Sygnia and transfer your money once your capital reaches R900 000. As far as I can see, it does not look like Sygnia has a cancellation fee, so it should be feasible.

I would prefer that Outvest invested more of the fund into global shares, but who am I to question the fund managers. If fees are the best predictor of future performance, it makes sense to do it in this way. All of these are good options and I won’t be able to tell which fund will outperform the rest. So pick the one with the cheapest fees and start investing. Starting to invest sooner is more important than choosing the cheapest RA between these options.

Be safe out there,

Hendrik

Quote of the week

“You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream.” – C.S. Lewis Click To Tweet

Endnote

If you have any other RAs that you want me to add to this comparison, please post it in the questions section below. Remember to add the annuity provider and specify the fund that you would like me to look at. This article specifically looks at high-equity options, so please limit your suggestions to similar products.

Thank you for reading to the end. Apparently, the average person spends 8 seconds on a page, so you are special. If you have any suggestions, feel free to drop me a mail on the contact page. If I missed anything or you have questions, don’t hesitate to comment below. I might even notice it and respond. If you enjoyed this article and really want to throw me a bone, please share it.

Lastly, if you want to be bombarded with emails known as the newsletter I send out once a month (if I remember), please subscribe on the right. There are also links to my Twitter and Facebook pages on the right (or at the bottom if you are browsing with a phone). All information is based on my opinion and you can read more about this in the legal disclaimer.

Comments

  1. Thrifty-B

    Thanks for the clear comparisons. I am currently with 10x while my wife is in the process of moving to Outvest from an old style crazy expensive RA provider.

  2. marius van straaten

    Hi Hendrik,
    Great post. Thank you.
    I am reading this at the right time.
    I am leaving Liberty and looking for the best alternative.

    May I email you the factsheets of the 2 funds I have been looking at ?
    Thats said I am thinking strongly of following your advice and going with the Sygnia Skeleton Balanced 70 Fund.
    My advisor is trying to get me to go with the:
    1) Investec Opportunity – Class E and the other fund I was looking at is the:
    2) 10X High Equity Index Fund – Class E (Retirement Annuity Class)

    Would really appreciate your confirmation that the Sygnia Skeleton Balanced 70 Fund is the best.
    Regards,
    Marius
    ————————————————————–

  3. Wallis Evans

    Hendrik,

    I congratulate you on providing the most refreshing style of financial comment I have read.
    As a non-financial animal (I’m an engineering geologist), your clear and concise narrative makes for easy understanding and minimal nodding-off or screen hypnotism.

    Keep up the good work

  4. Leonora Ferreira

    Have you looked at Living Annuities? Currently with Momentum in Coreshares S&P 500. 2.5% drawdown. Looking at moving to Sygnia and move investment into Sygnia S&P 500.

  5. Lian

    I am baffled why anyone who has any self discipline would invest in a RA. Sure there are Tax perks now (some say perks, I say deferment), but investing 75% of your funds in less than 1% of the global economy makes no sense at all.

    Couple this to the serious risk of prescribed assets for Reg. 28 investments to bail out failed SOEs now that we won’t be able to afford the interest on bonds (junk).

    And then to top it off it is invested in a currency that has lost 40% of its international value in the last 3 years. It really makes no sense at all to be honest.

    What am I missing?

  6. L Bonnet

    While the markets are this low due to the COVID-19 and lockdown, where would you recommend one should invest a smaller lump sum, like R40,000? Historically, which investments should show a steep climb again (or at least a rapid improvement) after the pandemic has passed?

  7. Pingback: Financial tips - Tigers on a Golden Leash

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *